OPEN SCIENCE Recommendations from a FIT FORTHEM workshop

José Manuel Barrueco

Néstor Vercher

Open Science (OS) is an inclusive construct that combines various movements and practices aiming to make multilingual scientific knowledge openly available, accessible, and reusable for everyone. OS increases scientific collaborations and sharing of information for the benefits of science and society in the processes of scientific knowledge creation, evaluation, and communication beyond the scientific community.

The FIT FORTHEM project includes open science as one of its main areas of interest. On 17th February 2022, the University of Valencia team organised the workshop “Towards Open Science: Main steps to foster open science in the FORTHEM R+D+I ecosystem”. Experts from all FORTHEM partners were brought together to discuss about the required changes and main challenges for transitioning towards an Open Science model. The aim was to agree on a set of recommendations addressed to the partner universities to be implemented in the short term to foster Open Science in the alliance.

Discussions were carried out around three groups of interest: (1) the research community; (2) government, funding agencies and universities; and (3) libraries, repositories, and data centres. They covered a wide range of topics, such as ethical dilemmas, the peer-review process, the necessary changes in the attitudes of the academic community, the role of small institutions or issues regarding fair data. As a result of the discussions, an agreement on proposals was reached. Briefly:

Recommendations for the alliance Research community:

  • →   Researchers are the core of OS and need to be committed to its principles.
  • →   An increase in data sharing and output sharing with the public is required.
  • →   Researchers need time to learn, adapt and perform OS.

Recommendations for the alliance Universities government bodies:

  • →​​​​​​​   Funding support and more human resources should be provided.
  • →​​​​​​​   Training on OS and developing of basic OS infrastructures.
  • →​​​​​​​   To develop new legal frameworks and institutional arrangements.
  • →​​​​​​​   To include OS practices at the curricular level. A research assessment reform to reduce the focus on the volume of publications is recommended.
  • →​​​​​​​   More incentives and rewards to foster OS are needed.

Recommendations for the alliance Libraries, repositories and data centres:

  • →​​​​​​​   The implementation and interoperability of CRIS (Current Research Information Systems) help in the process of filling the institutional repositories.
  • →​​​​​​​   The implementation of OJS (Open Journal System) to support university open access journals is a promising way to promote OS.
  • →​​​​​​​   Data sets may need specific repositories. Libraries should work towards the implementation of data repositories.
  • →​​​​​​​   New proposals need to be explored to add a DOI for data sets (e.g., using DataCite or Crossref).

A complete version of conclusions and recommendations of the Open Science workshop can be found in the results section of our website. Please, feel free to download and share.



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